3 Non-Negotiable Rules
The three rules below must be followed to protect Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid.
1. All requests must benefit the Trust Beneficiary.
Disbursements must be for the "primary benefit" of the trust beneficiary. In other words, the money in the trust can only be used for the individual that the trust was created for. The money in the trust cannot be given away, donated, or spent on anyone else besides the trust beneficiary. See POMS SI 001120.203 (B)(l)(e).
2. Cash cannot be provided directly to the Trust Beneficiary.
For those with SSI, money directly given to the Trust Beneficiary will be considered as "unearned income", which will reduce their benefits on a dollar-for-dollar basis. What the Special Need Trust (SNT) can do is pay a third party for purchases that are for the direct benefit of the trust beneficiary. See POMS SI 01120.200(E)(l)(a).
3. Proper documentation is required to substantiate all purchases.
The Social Security Administration Office (SSA) or the local Medicaid office will request copies of these records to verify that disbursements made from the Special Needs Trust (SNT) for the benefit of the trust beneficiary were appropriate. Records in the form of receipts, invoices, and/or other evidence are needed to keep accurate records of all Special Needs Trust (SNT) transactions. If unable to provide these records, it will be presumed that the disbursements were made inappropriately and the Trust Beneficiary may lose eligibility for SSI and/or Medicaid.
4 Ways to Use The Trust
1. Direct Payment via Invoice
Example: You would like to buy a couch. You go to the furniture store and request an invoice from the store to confirm how much your couch will cost. You submit the invoice to CPT Institute and we make the check payable to the furniture store. The check can be sent directly to the furniture store or it can be sent to you and you can take it to the store.
2. Reimbursement to a Third Party
Example: Your friend or family member buys you a tablet. You can submit the receipt of that purchase to CPT Institute. We cut a check from your trust account, payable to your friend or family member for the tablet they purchased for you.
3. Credit Card
Your Special Needs Trust (SNT) can pay your credit card expenses if you submit the following items:
- The monthly credit card statement
- Receipts to match the transactions in each credit card statement
Importante Note: A credit card is not the same tool as a debit card. A credit card is a loan from a bank that provides you a line of credit. A debit card is connected to the money held in a bank account. Social Security and Medicaid rules only allow us to pay credit card expenses.
4. True Link Visa Card
True Link Financial can provide you a convenient re-loadable Visa Card for $10 per month. The card can be used anywhere VISA is accepted.
Funds from your Special Needs Trust (SNT) can be placed on this card.
After the funds on the card have been used, you provide us the proper documentation for all your previous transactions. Once all the documentation has been received, more funds can be loaded on the card to use. Please use our Receipt Tracking Log on our website to assist you.
3 Guiding Principles
CTP Institute follows 3 guiding principles as your trustee when disbursing funds from your trust to help preserve and protect your valuable government benefits.
1. Is the request in your best financial interest?
The fiduciary duty is the highest legal obligation one person can owe to another in the United States. As your trustee, we must ensure your basic needs are met and requests are in your best interests. Any disbursement must make financial sense in the long term.
A general fiduciary standard allows you to use up no more than one third of the balance in the trust account for large purchases like a home or a vehicle. A general trustee rule is that we only approve large purchases outright. We do not approve down payments with monthly payments.
2. We follow the discretionary standard for your trust.
You can use the funds in your trust for medical-related needs, a vehicle or home maintenance, and even credit card debt, depending on your situation. But such benefits do not extend to activities that could compromise your physical or mental safety or put you in danger.
3. We are obligated to try to preserve ongoing eligibility for government benefits.
Every effort will be made to ensure that your disbursements from your Special Needs Trust (SNT) do not jeopardize your eligibility for government benefits.
These are the 3 guiding principles that CPT Institute follows when reviewing disbursement requests. Saying “no” to someone is the hardest part of our job. When we have to say no, it is because the disbursement request did not meet one or more of the guiding principles that follow the rules established by the Social Security Administration and Medicaid.
How can you use the funds in your trust?
Here is a guide to some of the areas where you can use your trust funds.
Supplemental Medical and Medical-Related Needs
- Non-necessary medical care, services, and procedures
- Special dietary supplements
- Special equipment and clothing
- Supplemental nursing care
- Rehabilitative and physical therapy
- Wheelchair, electric scooter, and/or other mobility aiding equipment
- Medical implants, artificial limbs, and orthotics, and other similar items
- Mechanical, electric, or other special beds
- Psychological services
- Dental, ophthalmic or auditory care
- Home improvements to make the living environment more accessible
- Cosmetic surgeries
- Experimental treatments
- Alternative medical treatments and medications
- Similar care which public assistance programs may not otherwise provide, including payments to those providing services in the home or other locations
- Payments to caregivers
- Attorney, Care Manager, and Guardian services and fees
- Motor Vehicles
- Electronics, including
- Wireless services
- Visitation or vacation-related expenses
- Recreational activities
- Hair, nail, and other personal care
- Stamps, writing materials, and packaging materials
- Special sports and social memberships
- Prepaid burial space
- Insurance premiums on personal property
Disclaimer: This is a general list and case dynamics are taken into consideration. Please see the Three Golden Gates QR Guide for further details.
Disclaimer: This resource provided by CPT Institute is for informational purposes only and arc intended to be used as a non-legal guide prior to consultation with an attorney familiar with your specific legal situation. CPT Institute is not engaged in the practice of law or in rendering legal advice or counsel. No such legal advice or counseling is either expressly or impliedly intended. If you require legal advice, you should seek the services of an attorney. © 2021 CPT Institute All rights reserved.